Ephesus

A wonderful ancient city, built by Creek colonists in the 10th century!  During the classical Greek period, it used to be one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. In the ancient years it was established as a port and used as the most important commercial center, located in a strategic location with a very fertile valley!

 

Ephesus flourished during the Roman period, with a population of 250,000 inhabitants, making it the capital of the Roman Asia Minor. A Greco-Roman empire, where after 150 years of excavations, there are still ruins to be found, while 82% of the city still to be unearthed! It is located in Selcuk, a small town 30km away from Kusadasi.  Nowadays is an important tourism center, attracting thousands of visitors, who want to admire all this great history surrounding this amazing place! Near Ephesus there are many beautiful towns for exploration, such as Kusadasi, Selcuk and Izmir. Thousands of visitors choose to visit these places for day trips departing from Ephesus.

There are many transportation links to Ephesus both from Istanbul and Ankara. Regular flights to the airport in Izmir, which is the closest to Ephesus and overnight buses provide your transportation to the city all year long!

The weather conditions in general are within normal limits. July is the hottest month in Ephesus with an average temperature of 27°C and the coldest is January at 9°C. The wettest month is December with an average of 122 mm of rain.

 

The main sights in Ephesus are:

 

Library of Celcus

built to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a mausoleum for Celsus, who is buried in a crypt beneath it

Temple of Artemis

one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World! A Greek temple that was dedicated to the goddess of the hunt Artemis. Only the foundation and one column remains of this temple, which once measured 425 feet long, 220 feet wide and 60 feet high!

Temple of Handrian

one of the best preserved and beautiful structures dedicated to the emperor Handrian. A number of figures are depicted in the reliefs, including the emperor Theodosius I with his wife and their eldest son

The House of Virgin Mary

a Catholic shrine, believed to be the House of the Virgin Mary, who accompanied by John the Apostle, came to Ephesus at the end of her life. The house was discovered in the 19th century by following the descriptions in the reported visions of Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich

Great Theater

a magnificent structure which is located on the slope of Panayir Hill, constructed in the Hellenistic Period and was used not only for concerts and plays, but moreover for political and philosophical discussions

Trajan Fountain

one of the finest monuments which was constructed for the honor of Emperor Trajan

Asclepion

a hospital protected by the god Asclepius and his daughter Hygeia. They used snake as their symbol, because of the snake’s ability to shed its skin and renew itself

Odeon

a small roofed theater constructed by Vedius Antoninus and his wife, which hosted plays and concerts, seating about 150 people

Basilica of St John

built in the 6th century AD, under emperor Justinian I, over the supposed site of the apostle’s tomb. It was in the shape of a cross and covered with six domes

 

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